Veterinary Articles

Principles of Treating Immune-mediated and Inflammatory Ocular Diseases

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Many veterinary clients have a limited understanding and perception of what a disease in their pet actually entails. Typically, clients assume that a “disease” is caused by an infection (bacterial or viral), a malignancy, or physical trauma. With these assumptions are the ideas that infections can be cleared, malignancies resected or killed, and traumas repaired. However, and immune-mediated or imflammatory ocular disease lacking a specific etiology, and possibly requiring continuous management, is a more difficult for most clients to conceptualize. Unfortunately, many chronic degenerative and inflammatory ocular diseases are immune-mediated…

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Taking Care of your Pet’s Teeth at Home

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by Dr. Daniel T. Carmichael Taking Care of your Pet’s Teeth at Home The consequences of poor dental health go way beyond bad breath.  Periodontal infection can lead to serious health concerns ranging from tooth loss to organ failure.  It’s also no secret that dental problems are common in animals – studies have shown dental problems to be the most common problem in both dogs and cats, with periodontal disease at or near the top of the list.  When our animal patients receive good dental care, they undoubtedly live longer…

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Feline Dental Problems

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by Dr. Daniel T. Carmichael Feline Dental Problems Introduction Dental disease is common in domestic felines. In fact, dental problems are the most common disease that we see in cats, and many dental problems are painful. The most common sign of pain in cats, however, is no sign at all. By diagnosing and rendering appropriate treatment, we can eliminate pain and afford our feline patients a better quality of life. The vast majority of feline dental problem can be grouped into one of five disease categories: Periodontal disease, feline odontoclastic…

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Cataract Referral

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by Dr. Noelle La Croix, DVM, Dip. ACVO A cataract is any opacification of the lens.  Crystallins within lens fibers, or the lens fibers themselves, are disorganized within a cataract.  Ultimately, crystallin disorder decreases transparency or light transmittance.  Cortical cataracts are histologically associated with disordered, swollen, and ruptured lens fibers.  These ruptured fibers are not normally repaired.  In contrast, senile nuclear cataracts are characterized by disordered crystallins within dense but ordered fibers.  Cataracts have many etiologies including genetic, metabolic, environmental, and senility factors. Stages and Referral Cataracts can be classified…

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Canine Bacterial Keratitis – When Ulcers Go Bad

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by Dr. Noelle La Croix, DVM, Dip. ACVO Canine Bacterial Keratitis – When Ulcers Go Bad The cornea is a transparent tissue lacking pigments, blood vasculature, and keratinized epithelia. These properties are essential for vision, but also make the cornea susceptible to infection. The tear film acts as a physical barrier to microrganisms, prevents microbial growth with lysozyme and lactoferrin, and provides nutrition to the corneal epithelium. The tear film is replenished by the lacrimal glands, adheres to the corneal epithelium via mucin of goblet cells, and reforms during blinking….

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Interventional Radiology Techniques

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by Dr. John Fondacaro, Diplomate ACVIM & Dr. Sean Hillock, Diplomate ACVIM Interventional Radiology Techniques (Offered at the Veterinary Medical Center of Long Island Internal Medicine Department)  Bronchoscopic intraluminal stents for tracheal collapse and other occlusive tracheal diseases. Urethral stents for obstructive urethral diseases. Transurethral submucosal collagen implantation. Since there is not an abundance of information about these procedures in the literature, the following general information will help you decide which patients may be possible candidates and allow you to adequately prepare owners prior to referral. Bronchoscopic intraluminal tracheal stents: Self-expanding…

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